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What you need to know about laser procedures in order not to harm your health: recommendations of a dermato-oncologist
What you need to know about laser procedures in order not to harm your health: recommendations of a dermato-oncologist

The popularity of laser technologies is growing from year to year, however, the number of myths, rumors and questions around the topic is growing. Dermato-oncologist, chief physician of the CALM clinic Andrey Lisetskiy will answer the most common questions about the laser today.

If even thirty years ago a laser was considered something from the field of science fiction, today not a single cosmetology and medical clinic aimed at development can do without laser devices of varying complexity. With their help, they remove excess hair and scars, neoplasms and age spots, treat acne and vascular disorders, do pilling and anti-aging procedures.

The laser has become the main tool in the hands of dermatologists and cosmetologists, and surgery is not far behind them. Increasingly, the scalpel gives way to the omnipresent ray of light.

American physicist Theodore Harold Maiman brought the good news of the amazing possibilities of the laser to the world in 1960. For many years he worked on the idea of ​​using a beam of light as an ultra-sharp knife or, for example, a powerful welding machine. Dozens of scientists were simultaneously working on the same physical problem, but the laser, as a term and a device with traditional red light, is the merit of Professor Maiman.

Then the process went faster, and already in 1972, a flexible light-guiding fiber was invented. It was with him that the era of bloodless surgical operations with the help of a laser began. It was a breakthrough! After all, the time of procedures and recovery after them have become much shorter, and the process itself is practically painless. But many are still worried about its negative effects on the body and side effects. There is talk about the fact that the effect of the laser is still not well understood. But half a century has passed since the beginning of the use of laser technologies - and experts have long described all the possible risks.

Of course, there are a number of contraindications that must be discussed during the consultation before the procedure. Yes, there are still many gaps and myths that do not allow us to qualitatively improve life with the help of modern technologies. Maybe you should follow the example of Hollywood stars? They certainly will not harm their beauty and health!

What is a laser

A laser is a stream of energy that is converted into a narrow beam. Today, many countries around the world are intensively using the capabilities of the laser in research and medical practice because of its unique properties. It is used in various fields: surgery, gynecology and, of course, in dermatology. Starting with the removal of almost any neoplasm, vascular pathology, scars and ending with deep anti-age and aesthetic procedures. The possibilities of the laser are really great.

modern laser

Fortunately, misconceptions about the inadmissibility of removing moles or about the dangers of laser aesthetic procedures are becoming a thing of the past. If the neoplasm grows, or is injured, or is simply not aesthetic, it will not be difficult to remove it. And thanks to the laser, this process will be as fast, safe and painless as possible.

Can a laser really pose a danger to a patient?

It is worth asking the question differently. What are the benefits of a laser? We all know the good old methods of treating neoplasms.For example, cryodestruction (liquid nitrogen), electrocoagulation, chemical methods of exposure (acids, "celandine"). And it is these methods that are still very popular. Is this fair? After all, it is cryodestruction that is dangerous, since specialists cannot accurately control the depth of action of liquid nitrogen. However, not everyone will say this. As a result, it often leaves behind burns, scars, hyperpigmentation and other undesirable consequences.

The scalpel, of course, has not been canceled. But we must admit that it is not needed in the removal of small neoplasms of the skin of problems. Why cut, suture, if everything is solved much faster and more efficiently? The laser, in fact, is a narrowly focused laser scalpel, which immediately coagulates the vessels, does not require stitches and minimizes the trace. Actually, this is where its harmlessness and effectiveness lies. Acting superficially, it evaporates (neoplasms), acting in the middle - coagulates (vascular network), acting deeply - excises a neoplasm or causes aseptic inflammation of fibroblasts, which further stimulates their activity (rejuvenation effect).

The doctor can precisely control the depth of the impact of the laser beam pulse, which ensures minimal heating of the surrounding tissues, contactless and bloodless removal - adherence to the rules of asepsis, healing with minimal scar or completely without a trace, and this, in turn, guarantees the patient a good result and aesthetic appearance.

What questions should a doctor ask us before performing a procedure using a laser?

Of course, you can only entrust yourself to professionals. How to determine this? Let's start with the fact that it really should be a clinic, not a beauty salon or an office in a mall.

If we are talking about neoplasms (moles, papillomas, warts, etc.), then when coming for a consultation, the doctor must collect the patient's history, conduct a dermatoscopy, and make a preliminary diagnosis. After removal, the neoplasm is sent to the laboratory for histopathological examination to confirm the diagnosis.

If this is an aesthetic procedure (laser resurfacing, peeling, rejuvenation), then you need to find out when the body succumbed to insolation (at least 2 weeks before the procedure), whether there are purulent or herpetic skin rashes, hemophilia. In such cases, laser procedures are contraindicated. If the doctor refused you or advises you to wait, then it is better for you first of all.

Pay attention to the equipment of the clinic, the sterility of the instruments, the accuracy of the medical staff. And the most important point is, of course, that the medical staff have documents that confirm their competence and professionalism. Feel free to ask to get acquainted with them. A specialist in laser technology cannot be a student of any courses, it must only be a doctor.

The task of the doctor is not only the ability to professionally use the subtleties of laser equipment. It is also important to clearly, in simple language, explain all the stages of the procedure, so that the person understands the diagnosis, the process of the procedure and how to properly undergo recovery for a good result.


How to prepare the body for laser treatment? What procedures and cosmetic products are prohibited on the eve of laser therapy? What are our mistakes fraught with?

No special preparation is required for the laser procedure. But it is strongly recommended not to be exposed to sun exposure three weeks before the laser, and three weeks after. Contraindications are also herpetic and purulent eruptions in the active stage. We also do not recommend carrying out aesthetic procedures during pregnancy and lactation.

Most of the procedures are performed using local anesthesia, which allows the patient to maximize their comfort.

Post-manipulation care is a very important stage in achieving results.Depending on the procedure, the doctor issues a memo, where it is planned in stages how to take care of. The patient's task is to adhere to the recommendations and then everything will be fine.

At what age is it time to start laser rejuvenation procedures?

It is impossible to give an unambiguous answer to this question. Aesthetic procedures are optional and are performed only at the request of the person. If we talk about the aging of the body, then it starts from about 25 years old. If we talk about visible manifestations on the skin, then they can be already 25, or they may not appear even up to 30 years. Skin aging is a natural, hereditary and highly individual process. If you notice and “feel” that the skin is not the same as before, then it’s time to start. However, it is worth remembering that the more neglected the skin, the more difficult it will be to achieve good results and return to its former condition.


What is the most popular procedure among clients today?

Due to temperature changes, the current procedure in winter is laser treatment of rosacea and erythrocuperosis.

It is in demand among both women and men. The Fotona neodymium laser allows you to remove a vessel without damage to the skin and any consequences, without interrupting your business and personal life in just one procedure. The vascular mesh, which has pestered a person for years, disappears almost immediately.

Also, winter is the season of all kinds of rejuvenation, peeling and resurfacing. At this time, there is no active sun, which will ensure comfortable rehabilitation and the absence of complications.

What to expect from a laser in the future?

More and more doctors are mastering the laser, because, in fact, the laser is the future of medicine. It is believed that today we use only a few percent of the capabilities of the laser, so there are still many necessary discoveries ahead of us! But today it is already clear that in many respects the scalpel is giving way to a laser - it will play the role of a non-contact multifunctional scalpel.

Modern lasers cover the widest range of problems in the field of aesthetic medicine and surgery, gynecology and phlebology. In our clinic, you can remove any neoplasm, correct almost any unevenness of the skin (scar, stretch), smooth wrinkles, remove age spots and restore youth and well-groomed skin. In the field of dermatology, lasers successfully treat acne, fungal infections of the nails, viral warts, papillomas, etc. Also, now the laser is actively used in the work of plastic surgeons, and also treat varicose veins. I have no doubt that in the future the area where the laser will be used will be much wider and more voluminous.


Stars and laser

The first grateful clients of laser technologies were many stars, people for whom it is natural and important to take care of their appearance and health. Of course, the doctors who perform the procedures for the stars keep their medical secrets sacred. But no one canceled journalistic investigations, and many famous people today no longer hide this.

It is known that the most popular procedure of Hollywood stars today is laser skin rejuvenation. For example, it is known for certain that Kim Kardashian's skin is nothing more than the result of regular visits to a dermatologist who uses the advanced Fotona 4D laser procedure. This laser treatment method tightens the skin, plumps it and removes wrinkles.

Jennifer Aniston does not hide that she also prefers the grinding procedure, because the session is quick, and rehabilitation does not require long-term rehabilitation. The transformation of Gwyneth Paltrow also caused a lot of gossip, they talked about plastic. But the actress admitted that she had laser rejuvenation: “I went to the party right after the procedure and looked fine, although the procedure was somewhat painful. Feeling as if you are being hit in the face with a rubber band, which is also charged with electricity. But I will definitely do more, because it looks like I now look five years younger."

Well, and, of course, in favor of celebrities, laser hair removal is a mandatory procedure for actresses, models and athletes. A smooth leg, underarms and bikini area is not a luxury at all, but an established norm. And today more and more women are taking advantage of this opportunity.

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