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What causes dark circles under the eyes and how to deal with them?
What causes dark circles under the eyes and how to deal with them?

There are several methods to help you deal with this problem.

We often associate dark circles under the eyes with fatigue or lack of sleep. While these things can contribute to dark circles, there are other common causes, such as poor diet or sun exposure. Fortunately, there are home remedies and remedies suggested by doctors for getting rid of dark circles under the eyes.

To find out if you have dark circles under your eyes, just look in the mirror and make sure you have them.

bruised girl
bruised girl

Dark circles are usually most noticeable near the inner corner of the eye and then spread (or “round off”) under the eye towards the outer corner. The skin in this area may appear darker than in the rest of the face, although this depends on the color of the skin. In people with fair skin, dark circles may appear blue or purple, while in people with deeper skin color, the circles may appear dark brown or black. Dark circles may be accompanied by eye puffiness, although one may be present without the other.

The presence of dark circles under the eyes is not a medical problem. However, people often feel that dark circles are affecting their appearance and want to get rid of them for cosmetic reasons. It is possible that dark circles under the eyes are a consequence of the natural aging process. With age, the skin loses collagen and becomes thinner. Thin skin can make the blood vessels underneath more visible, making the area under the eyes appear darker.

Aside from age, here are some of the likely causes of dark circles under the eyes.


In response to an allergen such as dust or pet hair, the body releases a chemical called histamine. Histamine causes blood vessels to dilate, which can make them more visible from under the skin.

Excessive friction around the eye area

Histamine can cause itchy eyes, which prompts you to rub and scratch around your eyes. However, excessive friction can lead to swelling and inflammation or rupture of blood vessels under the skin, which can cause dark circles.


An accident that involves an object in the eye can cause a bruise around the eye (commonly called a black eye), which can appear as dark circles. Also, a black eye can appear after cosmetic facial surgery, dental surgery, or a severe sinus infection.


Genetic hyperpigmentation is a common cause of dark circles under the eyes. In such cases, the skin around the eyes is darker than on the rest of the face - a characteristic that can be inherited from parents or family members.


Not getting enough sleep can cause dull skin. The pallor of the skin allows blood vessels and dark tissues to be more visible through it. Poor sleep can also cause bags under the eyes, which can cast shadows and create the illusion of dark circles.


Proper hydration is important for overall health and appearance, as regular hydration creates a fresh, radiant complexion. The eyes are very close to the orbital bone, so when dehydrated, the eyes may look sunken or sunken, and dark circles appear.


Hyperpigmentation occurs when areas of the skin appear darker than the rest of the skin in that area. It can occur anywhere on the body but is most common on the face and hands. While genetics may play a role in hyperpigmentation, other factors such as sun exposure, hormones, or injury may also be the cause.


According to a 2008 study by the American College of Chest Physicians, cigarette smokers are four times more likely to feel unresponsive after a night's sleep. This is likely due to the fact that smokers spend less time in deep sleep than non-smokers. As mentioned earlier, fatigue can lead to bags under the eyes and dark circles.

Anemia (iron deficiency)

The correct level of iron in the blood is important for the circulation of oxygen throughout the body. People with anemia may develop dark circles under the eyes due to a lack of oxygen reaching the tissues in the area.

the girl has an iron deficiency
the girl has an iron deficiency

You can get rid of dark circles under the eyes with the help of home remedies or those recommended by your doctors.

How to get rid of dark circles under the eyes at home

To sleep more

Most adults should try to get seven to eight hours of sleep every night. This will help brighten the complexion and reduce the appearance of dark circles.

Drink plenty of water

The recommended daily water intake is about 13 glasses for men and 9 glasses for women. If you don't like drinking water, try flavored soda or still water to moisturize your skin and body.

Cold compress

Applying a cold compress to the eyes narrows the blood vessels under the skin, making them less visible and reducing the appearance of dark circles.

Use sunscreen daily

Wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen whenever planning to go outside - even if it's just commuting to and from work - will help prevent skin cancer, premature aging, and hyperpigmentation associated with dark circles.

Keep your head elevated while sleeping

Keeping your head up during sleep prevents fluid from accumulating under your eyes, which can make them look puffy in the morning and cast shadows under the eyes that look like dark circles.

eye cream
eye cream

Other home remedies for dark circles include:

  • Applying tea bags or cucumbers to the eyes;
  • To give up smoking;
  • Reducing alcohol consumption;
  • Using antioxidant skin care products;
  • Eating foods rich in iron;
  • Disguise with makeup.

Treatments for dark circles under the eyes that your doctor may suggest.

Brightening Cream - Whitening creams can brighten skin and counteract the effects of hyperpigmentation. Common creams contain chemicals such as tretinoin and hydroquinone. Results are usually visible after three months of constant use.

Mesotherapy injections
Mesotherapy injections

Fillers - Mesotherapy shots can reduce the appearance of dark circles by injecting platelet-rich plasma or hyaluronic acid gel into the under eye area. This treatment is best for dark circles caused by thinning skin or loss of collagen.

Chemical peel - A chemical peel uses powerful acids such as glycolic acid to tighten skin and lighten hyperpigmentation.

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