Where do calluses come from and how to restore softness and a neat appearance to the skin: recommendations of a podiatrist
Where do calluses come from and how to restore softness and a neat appearance to the skin: recommendations of a podiatrist
Anonim

In addition to the fact that calluses look unaesthetic, they are sometimes very painful.

Each person has at least once encountered a different type of calluses, and on different parts of the body, for example, feet or palms. Sometimes you can see these growths after wearing new shoes or exercising on exercise machines. However, this is not all. Where do calluses come from and how to remove them tells the podiatrist.

The only reason for the appearance of calluses is pressure on certain parts of the foot, says a specialist at the TsIDK network of clinics. Uncomfortable and tight shoes, heels, long walks, professional stress on the legs of runners and ballerinas - these factors cause high or constant friction, which leads to damage to the upper layer of the epidermis.

A disease such as calluses are keratinized areas of the skin that are formed from dead cells of the epidermis. Any of their appearance speaks of pressure on the skin. However, calluses can even cause pain, not to mention the mass of inconveniences a person faces. Usually, the corn has a gray or yellow tint, slightly stands out against the background of other areas of the skin.

girl paints her nails

People over the age of 60 are most susceptible to corns. All sorts of neoplasms are found in 50% of people of this age.

Calluses are of 2 types: skin and bone. The latter are formed due to the pathology of the joints and diseases of the spine.

The skin calluses themselves (the most common type) are divided into 4 types.

Dry

This type of callus occurs due to partial friction and pressure on an area of ​​the skin. They can hurt, but in some occupations, calluses protect the dermis from minor injuries.

Wet

This type of callus forms as a blister that forms under the top layers of the skin. Lymph forms inside the bladder, which appears there due to damage to small vessels. Wet calluses are very painful and do not allow a person to move comfortably in shoes.

Rod

This is the most problematic type of corn. It most often forms on the legs and penetrates a few millimeters into the skin. Core calluses have a hole in the center where the core is located.

girl in shoes

Corns

This is a type of dry callus. But they cover a larger area of ​​the skin and do not have clear boundaries. Most often, corns appear on the soles of the feet of those people who walk long distances in low-quality shoes.

There are many reasons that contribute to the development of corns:

  • uncomfortable shoes;
  • sweating feet;
  • fungal infections;
  • a large amount of excess weight;
  • deformation of the feet.

Calluses can be removed with the help of modern medicine

Cryotherapy

It involves applying liquid nitrogen to the damaged skin area. It is an effective method for the treatment of corns and corns.

The procedure takes 1-2 minutes. After cryotherapy, the corn should be treated with disinfectants - alcohol, iodine, brilliant green, hydrogen peroxide. Cryotherapy should not be done if there is a high sensitivity to cold, for diseases such as fever, during menstrual days in girls.

well-groomed hands and feet

Laser

This is one of the most painless and safest ways to remove corns.The laser acts exclusively on the damaged area - it removes large growths of the stratum corneum and core calluses. The procedure takes just a couple of minutes.

After the first procedure, the callus almost disappears. However, during the recovery period, it is necessary to limit physical activity and pressure on this area.

The laser method for removing corns cannot be used for cancer patients, people with wounds and hematomas.

Drilling

This method is quite old, but effective. Drilling is carried out with the help of special cutters in case the callus is very sore. To begin with, the damaged area is disinfected, then the stratum corneum is polished and the rod is removed. This method requires visiting a specialist up to 6 times, depending on the depth of the corn.

To prevent calloused formations from appearing, experts recommend wearing soft, comfortable shoes that will not rub and press on the skin. Orthopedic shoes can be used, special insoles can be used. And for any painful sensations, you should not postpone the problem, so as not to aggravate the situation.

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