Migraine headaches can be recognized by several signs. There are also proven ways to relieve pain. But they are far from a panacea. You still need to go to the doctor.
Exhausting, intense throbbing headaches are migraines. Most often women suffer from them. Because the disease is transmitted through the female line. But migraines also happen in men.
What is migraine
Such severe throbbing pain is not associated with a headache from tension, but with a vascular one. And migraine has nothing to do with sudden surges in blood pressure or increased intracranial pressure.
It is a neurological disorder. Attacks can appear 2-8 times a month. With migraines, the pain gets worse even if you start bending over or just walking. Pain can last from 4 hours to three days.
In addition, nausea and even vomiting may occur. Loud sounds and bright lights are difficult to tolerate.
Alice in Wonderland
It happens that before the next migraine attack, vision is impaired. Rainbow spots begin to flicker in the gases. Or like a veil before your eyes. Some even see the outlines of animals or people. This type of visual impairment is called Alice in Wonderland Syndrome. Because the heroes of the book saw different images in the air.
Due to such visual disturbances, the sizes of objects are sometimes distorted - something may seem huge or, on the contrary, tiny.
If migraine is not a genetic disease, then there are several reasons to provoke it: nervous and physical stress, stress, alcohol (most often red wine, champagne, beer), taking hormonal contraceptives, sudden changes in the weather. Meteo-dependent people are more likely to suffer from migraines.
A very important point is sleep. Frequent migraines are associated precisely with lack of sleep as well. Studies of the nature of headaches have shown that if a person disrupts sleep patterns, this is a direct path to migraines.
On average, you need to sleep 8-9 hours. But even if you follow the norm, but lie down after midnight, the next morning you will get up broken and not slept. You need to fall asleep by ten o'clock in the evening. It is from ten to one in the morning that the brain rests. This is the deep sleep phase. And if you sleep your 8-9 hours, but go to bed after midnight, do not be surprised by migraines.
By the way, excess sleep can also cause migraines.
Even certain foods can trigger migraines. As a rule, these are chocolate, cheese, salami, caffeine.
How to get rid of migraines
The easiest thing to do is to turn off the light and lie down for 10-30 minutes in darkness and silence. No harsh or loud sounds. Some take a contrast shower and this is also quite relaxing.
There are also different breathing exercises. You need to lie on your back, bend your knees a little. Place the pillow under your feet and under your knees. Place one hand on the chest, the other just below. And start slowly inhaling air through your nose. Until there is a sensation of how the air fills the stomach.
Exhale slowly through pursed lips, while keeping your stomach tense. Breathe like this for about five minutes.
You can put a cool compress on either or the back of your neck for 15 minutes. This will narrow the blood vessels and reduce blood flow to the head.
Remember that sometimes this method can, on the contrary, increase the headache. Therefore, if after five minutes the pain intensifies, the compress must be removed immediately.
Headache: How to Forget About Alarming Symptoms
You can drink herbal tea.And do a massage in the temporal part of the head. But very neat and gentle. Don't press.
As for the drugs, it's better to consult a doctor. Pain relievers may help. They are all sold over the counter. But here's how to treat migraines - this is only the doctor will tell you.
If the head hurts for a day, while there are all the signs of a migraine, such as: nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, go to the doctor. Because a headache can be a symptom of other illnesses.
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